The main work of the Goat Unit in Ngora, under the leadership of Moses Ekoi is cross- breeding Mubende Elite and Boer goats with local goats to improve meat production. The Mubende Elite breed from Western Uganda has so far proved more resilient to the harsh environmental conditions here. Suitable goats are provided to women’s village goat improvement schemes, to multiply the stock- under supervision and after substantial training.

An animal health assistant and some trained paravets promote animal health in the area. We are developing a diagnostic service to monitor and prevent disease problems.

The goat unit benefits from solar power for pumping water from a 75,000 underground rainwater tank, enough to keep goats well watered in dry seasons. We are starting to introduce sheep to the unit, intending to cross local ewes with rams of the Dorper breed, to produce a more palatable meat.

The unit attracts many visitors from near and far, including local farming groups, district leaders and university researchers. The National agricultural Research Organisation has commended, and Moses has won a national farming award.

Freezing and storage of goat semen has also started as the basis of a goat artificial insemination service. We are pioneering both these activities in Uganda.

The greatest challenge in Uganda to goat genetic improvement in Uganda is the scarcity of animals of good genetic traits.

In Kamuli we have produced a small nucleus of pedigree Boer goats from frozen goat embryos from South Africa and introduced.

Artificial insemination by the cervical method started by vets Lorna Brown and Gideon Nadiope, using fresh semen from our Boer bucks has produced good results.

It is an excellent way of using a superior ram over many females, and minimising disease risk.